Lecture in French
The phenomenological approach of any human complexe phenomena is appropriate to study lived expérience as how patients live desease and their treatment. Heidegger has described universal components of any human experience. He called them, the existential or different « ways of being-in-the-world »: relationship with the body, relationship with space and time, historicity, relationship with others, life project…
Identifying and describing active ingredients of interventions (that work, how work) is to explore and analyze lived experience using semi structured interviews in depth.
Current reporting of intervention content in published research articles and protocols is generally poor, with great diversity of terminology, resulting in low replicability. Michie et al.studies have developed a structured and hierarchical taxonomy of active ingredients (BCT Taxonomy V1) based on different concepts within a particular domain and process taking part in behavioral change. The semiopragmatical phenomenology of Peirce , develops an appropriate formal method to build an ontology of domains (list of concepts) and underlying process which we can observe a behavior change. They suggest a logical ordering principle allowing a hierarchical organisation of this ontology, achieving a rigorous approach.